Modern and contemporary international relations are firmly rooted in European movement, expansion, politics and activities from the Middle Ages through the 18th century to the era of the World Wars. The break-up of the Holy Roman Empire and Treaty of Westphalia particularly have a great deal of symbolism for the present patterns of world politics and configurations of power. The course deals with the themes that dominated European History from 1300 to 1945, including expansionism, imperialism, nationalism, slavery, industrial revolution, and the world wars. All these constitute the background to the International Relations that we now study.